French Manufacturing

After several months of testing and continuous enhancement, we are very proud to offer a high-quality French made product. All Lainitude's products are made in France, in a family owned company near Saint Etienne, on their weaving looms know as « Rachel looms».


 Rachel looms

Rachel looms played a central role in weaved textile production from the end of the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth. It is said that the  Rachel loom was designed by a German craftsman during the middle of the nineteenth century who named it after his daughter Rachel.

These looms, are very robust and have aged perfectly. Nowadays most textile companies have switched to faster machines but have lost the quality and authenticity offered by Rachel looms. We are very proud to work with our partner company who has chosen quality and authenticity.

 

The weaving technique used by the Rachel looms

The baseline technique used by Rachel looms is named warp knitting. This technique is very simple to understand when watching someone execute it but horribly difficult to explain. Here-under is a very good explanation translated from « www.racheltex.com ».

« The Rachel loom is relatively simple: one or two rows of hocked needles, with a latch, cast in a 2 inch wide lead piece, move up and down alternatively through the holes of fixed plates set back to back. Passing bars (2 to 8 on the old looms) also fixed in lead move around the needles who take the string passing through the passing bars, and pull the previous loop thanks to the latch that closes the hook.

The needles repeat the same up and down motion. However the passing bars are displaced horizontally (by links of a chain) and laterally (by an excentric). This enables to draw patterns and forms by choosing which string will be visible among the different layers of string coming from the warped rolls. »

Warping

Warping is a preparation phase. The strings are assembled parallel to each other and in the order they will appear in the weaved cloth. These layers of string are wrapped around a roll called the beam. The roll is then placed above the loom. Each string is then attached to one of the needles. With this technique each string has its own individual needle.

« Warping was not the most complex, nor the most subtle phase of weaving. (...) but it was the most fundamental, the simplest, the brightest one, and its symbolic value - the convergence of all these strings into one united wave - warmed my heart fond of reunions. »

 Translation from Michel Tournier, Les Météores  (1975)